Sumer (/ˈsmər/) was one of the ancient civilizations and historical regions in southern Mesopotamia, modern-day southern Iraq, during the Chalcolithic and the Early Bronze ages. Although the earliest specimens of writing in the region do not go back much further than c. 2500 BC, modern historians have suggested that Sumer was first permanently settled between c. 5500 and 4000 BC by a non-Semitic people who spoke the Sumerian language (pointing to the names of cities, rivers, basic occupations, etc., as evidence).

These conjectured, prehistoric people are now called "proto-Euphrateans" or "Ubaidians", and are theorized to have evolved from the Samarra culture of northern Mesopotamia (Assyria). The Ubaidians (though never mentioned by the Sumerians themselves) are assumed by modern-day scholars to have been the first civilizing force in Sumer, draining the marshes for agriculture, developing trade, and establishing industries, including weaving, leatherwork, metalwork, masonry, and pottery.

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Wings of freedom on July 4th

Cheyboygan Daily Tribune 04 Jul 2019
Any day is a good day to show a little pride in your country ... The ancient Sumerians, the Romans, and Napoleon all borrowed the awe-inspiring eagle as a symbol of their own ... ....

Ancient Palace From Mysterious Empire Discovered After Reservoir Evaporates in Drought

Newsweek 04 Jul 2019
Now, an international team of archaeologists has uncovered the ruins of an ancient palace on the banks of the Tigris in Iraq's Kurdistan region ... "In the second millennium B.C., murals were probably a typical feature of palaces in the Ancient Near East, but we rarely find them preserved....

Drought Exposes 3,500-Year-Old Palace Belonging To The Mysterious Mittani Empire

IFL Science 03 Jul 2019
The grand reveal took place after a drought caused water in a reservoir checked by the Mosul Dam to retreat, exposing the remains of an ancient building ... Cuneiform is a system of writing that was first developed by the ancient Sumerian scribes of Mesopotamia some 5,000-6,000 years ago....

Cheap & Easy Things To Do This Weekend

The Stranger 28 Jun 2019
Spend Saturday in Chinatown-International District taking in lion and dragon dances and cultural performances at Dragonfest. Kelly O ... For even more options, check out our complete Things To Do calendar and our list of cheap & easy things to do in Seattle all year long ... They just might make you think of ancient Sumerian mythology, or Henri Matisse ... .......

Our Arts Critics' Picks for This Week

The Stranger 24 Jun 2019
Happy Pride Week! Gear up for drag performances, dance parties, and tons more at the Queer/Pride Festival this weekend. Chris Schanz ... See them all below, and find even more events on our complete Things To Do calendar ... Jump to. Monday . Tuesday . Wednesday . Thursday . Friday ... They just might make you think of ancient Sumerian mythology, or Henri Matisse ... ....

Retired rural Maine vet shares pet stories in books

Portsmouth Herald 17 Jun 2019
ELIOT, Maine�— After four years of retirement, veterinarian Dr. John H. Hunt has not set aside his care for animals ... The book, with 430 pages, consists of two- or three-page essays beginning with "Veterinary Ancient History," which goes back to a Sumerian healer of ... ....

A museum struggling to help Iraqis connect with 5,000 years of art

Indian Express 09 Jun 2019
Known as lamassu in the ancient Sumerian language, they were thought to be spirit guardians, so they were set at city gates, palace entrances and the thresholds of throne rooms ... The vase is a rare example of the most ancient narrative art, telling its story in four tiers....

Taylor Halverson: The surprising meaning of 30 shekels of silver

Deseret News 05 Jun 2019
But the insight I find most compelling comes from the ancient Sumerian culture. The Sumerians had a flourishing culture from about 4000 B.C ... What has been discovered? Whenever an ancient Sumerian wanted to express the idea that something was worthless, they would say "It is considered a mere 30 shekels worth."....

How Rory Stewart went from 'Florence of Belgravia' to PM hopeful

The Observer 02 Jun 2019
“Multa novit vulpes,” he began, “verum echinus unum magnum …” He referenced ancient Sumerian wax seals, the prows of Egyptian ships and Romany cures for baldness. He quoted Shakespeare, Thomas Hardy and Beatrix Potter. “I want to be serious for a moment,” he said, before making a gag about “prickly subjects” ... Stewart has two ... "> ... ....

Sharon Schultz: Fort Meade author's latest mystery to come out this summer

Capital Gazette 23 May 2019
While there, she had the opportunity to visit an ancient city called Ur, and a pyramid called a Ziggurat ... It was here that Doyle introduced the female soldier, Heather Trueblood who, during a deployment in Iraq, picks up a coin and activates a spell that makes her the embodiment of the ancient Sumerian goddess, Inanna....

'Just a guy who's into language': Crown Point native among six in the nation to ...

Journal Review 14 May 2019
Lopez became engrossed with ancient literary texts and their translations ... His ultimate goal is to expand on his love of academia and work toward the preservation of ancient languages like Greek or seldom-spoken Sumerian, a southern Mesopotamian language spoken during the third millennium B.C....

Review: Michael Rakowitz remakes looted Iraqi antiquities with a modern message

The Los Angeles Times 06 May 2019
The forms represent ancient Mesopotamian objects — a column’s chunky capital, its shape reminiscent of a trimmed palm, or a Sumerian votive figure whose hands are prayerfully folded across its chest ... While the subjects are ancient and foreign, however, these artifacts are brand new and domestic....

Danger to the survival of cultural heritage in times of conflict

The Telegraph India 05 May 2019
Similar lamassus, reliefs and statues, including those in the Mosul museum and at the Nergel Gate, entryway to the ancient Assyrian city of Nineveh, were not as lucky ... Cuneiform is a system of writing first developed by the ancient Sumerians of Mesopotamia c ... About 60 per cent of Nineveh was lost, and 80 per cent of Nimrud, another ancient city....