Sumer (/ˈsmər/) was one of the ancient civilizations and historical regions in southern Mesopotamia, modern-day southern Iraq, during the Chalcolithic and the Early Bronze ages. Although the earliest specimens of writing in the region do not go back much further than c. 2500 BC, modern historians have suggested that Sumer was first permanently settled between c. 5500 and 4000 BC by a non-Semitic people who spoke the Sumerian language (pointing to the names of cities, rivers, basic occupations, etc., as evidence).

These conjectured, prehistoric people are now called "proto-Euphrateans" or "Ubaidians", and are theorized to have evolved from the Samarra culture of northern Mesopotamia (Assyria). The Ubaidians (though never mentioned by the Sumerians themselves) are assumed by modern-day scholars to have been the first civilizing force in Sumer, draining the marshes for agriculture, developing trade, and establishing industries, including weaving, leatherwork, metalwork, masonry, and pottery.

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When you make a deal with the devil

The Oneida Daily Dispatch 20 Oct 2019
The historical basis for the devil and hell likely originated with the ancient Greeks (it may have had a much earlier genesis with the Sumerian civilization) and their god, Hades, the god of the underworld and the dead. The name, Hades, became interchangeable with the place he dwelled, thus Hades became both a god and a location ... The soil, i.e ... .......

How distributed ledger technology can revolutionise record keeping

Yahoo Daily News 07 Oct 2019
The Sumerians of ancient Mesopotamia invented writing around 3,000BC ... Since ancient times, ledgers have been at the heart of economic transactions-to record contracts, payments, buy-sell deals or movement of assets or property ... Just like the humble Sumerian tablet, DLT can ......

Dabrowski's disappointment with Napoleon

The Am-Pol Eagle 04 Oct 2019
Straight pins, of iron and bone, had been fashioned by the Sumerians around 3000 B.C. Also, Sumerian writings revealed the use of eye needles for sewing. Archaeologists, examining ancient cave drawings and artifacts, conclude that even earlier peoples, some 10,000 years ago, used ......

Peachy: the emoji that’s become a political statement

The Observer 02 Oct 2019
Peach emoji. Up to 6,000 years old. Sort of. As you know, the ancient Sumerians used a system of writing called cuneiform, which began as a series of pictograms. Well, cuneiform sometimes used symbols that stood for multiple words or concepts ... Correct ... Indeed ... “Im ... Thanks to an ancient people of Mesopotamia, via a 21st-century musician from Michigan ... ....

How the sexy peach emoji joined the resistance

Democratic Underground 01 Oct 2019
If you want to understand how the peach emoji has come to represent both the potential impeachment of President Trump and a butt, you must first look to the ancient Sumerians ... Sumerians would repurpose an existing pictogram that had resonance with the hard-to-illustrate concept....

Not just for drinking, beer is also for cooking

The Hindu 27 Sep 2019
Fret not, if you are not heading to Munich for the celebrations. Sip varieties of beer across India and enjoy food cooked with the ale ... While in ancient Egypt, Sumerians believed that cooking with beer was a way to serve ‘healthy food’, the beverage is lower in alcohol and lighter in flavour, and has spices that can complement food ... .......

Turkey signs agreement with Iraq to return stolen artifacts

Kurdistan Media 21 Sep 2019
The roughly 3,800 items included Sumerian cuneiform tablets, many of them from the ancient cities of Ur and Irisagrig and others that were thought to date back as far as 2,100 BC. In August, the British Museum announced that it had successfully returned to the Iraqi government 156 ancient artifacts that had been plundered since 2003....

UT Gardens’ September 2019 Plant of the Month: Rosemary

Crossville Chronicle 19 Sep 2019
Humans have been growing and using rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis) for more than 5,000 years. It has been documented as far back as the ancient Sumerians who inscribed it on their stone cuneiform tablets ... Greeks and Romans grew it for medicinal, metaphysical and culinary use ... Rosemary grows best in full sun and requires excellent drainage ... • • • ... .......

Getting There: Downtowns become stronger by shedding bad habits, author says

The Spokesman-Review 09 Sep 2019
From the Sumerian city of Eridu to the modern metropolis of Spokane, our cities were scaled for humans ... thousands of years, a tried-and-true layout for cities, ancient and new ... Take an ancient Sumerian and plop them in Spokane in 1889, and they’d be able to find their way around....

Credit Through History

Gwinnett Daily Post 03 Sep 2019
MoneyTipsIt may seem like you have been paying credit card interest since 3500 BC – but you might be surprised to learn that credit actually dates back to those ancient times.Historians believe that the Sumerians of ancient Mesopotamia (in modern-day ... ....

Coming full circle

The Times of India 31 Aug 2019
We Indians love our balis. Chances are, it was the first earring you ever wore after you got your ears pierced – the standard-issue gold wire bali ... It started with Rihanna wearing them everywhere last year ... Hoops have been around for centuries and across cultures, civilisations and continents – from Sumerians to ancient Egypt, Rome and Greece ... Huggies....

In Celebration of Errors

Quillette 29 Aug 2019
Humanity’s first guesses were what we now regard as myths—the ancient Sumerians thought that Shamash, their Sun god, awaited the eastern gates to open before traveling westward across the sky every day, only to travel through the Underworld at night so that he’d return to his original location for the next morning’s travels ... Thus, progress was made....

How lotus became a symbol of purity

DNA India 25 Aug 2019
We weren’t alone in imagining a heaven peopled by many Gods, the Mayans, the Incas, The Egyptians, The Sumerians, The Chinese, The Babylonians, The Romans, The Greeks and every other ancient civilisation created her own theory of creation of the Earth and imagined a pantheon of Gods....

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