Sumer (/ˈsmər/) was one of the ancient civilizations and historical regions in southern Mesopotamia, modern-day southern Iraq, during the Chalcolithic and the Early Bronze ages. Although the earliest specimens of writing in the region do not go back much further than c. 2500 BC, modern historians have suggested that Sumer was first permanently settled between c. 5500 and 4000 BC by a non-Semitic people who spoke the Sumerian language (pointing to the names of cities, rivers, basic occupations, etc., as evidence).

These conjectured, prehistoric people are now called "proto-Euphrateans" or "Ubaidians", and are theorized to have evolved from the Samarra culture of northern Mesopotamia (Assyria). The Ubaidians (though never mentioned by the Sumerians themselves) are assumed by modern-day scholars to have been the first civilizing force in Sumer, draining the marshes for agriculture, developing trade, and establishing industries, including weaving, leatherwork, metalwork, masonry, and pottery.

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February 9 has officially been declared as International Greek Language Day and is a day for Greeks and non-Greeks to celebrate the important role the Greek language has played in world culture ...Greek is not a dead language ... Adrados acknowledges the role of languages of the ancient world such as Egyptian, Sumerian, Hebrew and Arabic ... ....

Sumeria's marshy city of Lagash was built on mounds and interlaced with waterways

Sott 07 Feb 2023
However, a recent remote-sensing survey of the ancient Sumerian city of Lagash in present-day southern Iraq has established that it was composed of several discrete sections, each bounded by walls or waterways....

The Fragmentarium: New AI Tool Pieces Together Ancient Babylonian Texts

Ancient Origins 05 Feb 2023
Artificial intelligence has now officially seeped into ancient history. Linguists at the Institute for Assyriology at Ludwig Maximilian University in Germany have created an artificial intelligence (AI) bot to help piece together and decode illegible fragments of ancient Babylonian texts ... ( ) Directing AI at Ancient Texts – The Fragmentarium....

THE BIG TRUFFLE KERFUFFLE! The real deal is kitchen gold, prized by chefs for its ...

The Daily Mail 05 Feb 2023
Meera Cortesi is cross about truffle oil. Really cross. ‘Never, never, never order truffle oil!’ she barks down the phone. ‘It’s got no truffle in it ... This makes sense ... The ancient Sumerians snacked on them in 3000 BC; the ancient Egyptians slathered them in goose fat and ate them raw; and the Roman emperor Nero called them a ‘delicacy from the Gods’ ... ....

Five Thousand Year Old Ancient Taverna Discovered in Iraq

Greek City Times 03 Feb 2023
The taverna discovered by archaeologists in the ancient city of Lagash, dates back to 2,700 BC containing evidence of Sumerian culture. The Sumerians were an ancient people who appeared in the Mesopotamia region between 6000 and 4000 BC, a populace who were at their peak between about 3000 and 1500 BC....

How to Become a Brewmaster

The Epoch Times 02 Feb 2023
The oldest records of beer were discovered by archeologists in the ancient Sumerian city of Umma in Iraq, dating to around 2050 B.C ... As imagined, since it can be made by cavemen, modern man can also brew beer ... .......

4,700-Year-Old Tavern Serves Up Surprises in Ancient Lagash, Iraq

Ancient Origins 29 Jan 2023
Archaeologists have discovered a large tavern or public eating space dating to around 2700 BC at the ancient city site of Lagash in southern Iraq ... It’s partially open air, partially kitchen area.” The Ancient City State of Lagash ... Pittman said that the 4,700-year-old tavern offered a glimpse into the lives of ordinary ancient Sumerians....

4,700-year-old ‘tavern’ — complete with fridge, oven and food — unearthed in Iraq

Yahoo Daily News 27 Jan 2023
Immediately, Pittman got in a car and headed to see what remained of the ancient Sumerian tavern ... Although a number of ancient pottery kilns were found in the area, this structure was different ... The 4,700-year-old tavern revealed the daily lives of regular ancient Sumerians, Pittman said ... The ancient city-state flourished from 2900 B.C....

Word Search: Discover humanity's 7,500-year-old love affair with cheese

Gulf News 20 Jan 2023
Ancient Sumer, in the southern region of Mesopotamia, was one of the first known civilisations in the world, and incredibly futuristic for its age. Ancient Sumerians had developed soaps, oils, cuneiform writing, and yes, cheese ... Ancient Egyptian cheese ... Ancient Greek cheese....

Sons of God: Sumerian Elite Ruling Sumerian Class Abducting Khabiru Women

Ancient Origins 20 Jan 2023
It also explains that “ those were the giants who were from long ago, the people of renown .” Thinking back to ancient legends and myths, it takes no stretch of the imagination to see characters like Hercules and Perseus, or as is found in the ancient Sumerian myths of Gilgamesh ......

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