Sumer (/ˈsmər/) was one of the ancient civilizations and historical regions in southern Mesopotamia, modern-day southern Iraq, during the Chalcolithic and the Early Bronze ages. Although the earliest specimens of writing in the region do not go back much further than c. 2500 BC, modern historians have suggested that Sumer was first permanently settled between c. 5500 and 4000 BC by a non-Semitic people who spoke the Sumerian language (pointing to the names of cities, rivers, basic occupations, etc., as evidence).

These conjectured, prehistoric people are now called "proto-Euphrateans" or "Ubaidians", and are theorized to have evolved from the Samarra culture of northern Mesopotamia (Assyria). The Ubaidians (though never mentioned by the Sumerians themselves) are assumed by modern-day scholars to have been the first civilizing force in Sumer, draining the marshes for agriculture, developing trade, and establishing industries, including weaving, leatherwork, metalwork, masonry, and pottery.

Latest News for: Ancient sumerian


Is Malaysia the cradle of civilisation?

Malaysia Today 17 Sep 2020
This groundbreaking theory puts Malaysia and Southeast Asia at the heart of prehistoric innovation and civilisation and makes the Orang Asli the probable progenitors of the ancient cultures that would go on to dominate the world ... in me for mysterious, ancient civilisations....

Medicines counteract opioid-induced constipation

The Lawton Constitution 11 Sep 2020
Opioids have gotten a bad name over the past several years because so many people have overdosed and died. But opioids have been used for millennia. The ancient Assyrians, Sumerians and Egyptians recognized the power of the opium poppy to ease pain ... Cancer is not the only painful condition for which opioids help make each day livable ... ....

Brewing Mesopotamian beer brings a sip of this vibrant ancient drinking culture back to life

Phys Dot Org 24 Aug 2020
If you could travel back in time to one of the bustling cities of ancient Mesopotamia (c ... For the Sumerians, Akkadians and Babylonians, the ancient inhabitants of modern-day Iraq, beer was a daily staple and an essential component of social life ... What did the beers of ancient Mesopotamia taste like?....

Garlic Compound Investigated for Preventing COVID

Mercola 21 Aug 2020
While investigating garlic (Allium sativum), researchers have observed a variety of cultures have come to use it in much the same ways.1 Some references are found in Sumerian clay tablets dating back to 2600 BC ... In ancient China, garlic was prescribed for digestion and to treat diarrhea....

It's now an emoji, but what's the story of the evil eye amulet?

The National 02 Aug 2020
The evil eye is, wisdom has it, everywhere. And so is the talisman that wards against it ... And now, they’re online ... The idea of the evil eye is impressively ancient. Researchers have found images of it in Sumerian cave drawings, as well as ancient amulets from 3000 BC in Syria, and it appears in Virgil, writing in Rome in the first century BC....

Millions still enslaved as we try to trash our ugly past

Asiatimes 16 Jul 2020
I’m dead.” ... Pretty much everyone was a racist. That doesn’t make it acceptable, of course ... Slavery was practiced by everyone, from the ancient Sumerians to the Romans and, of course, the African tribes that, for generations, preyed on their neighbors for profit, selling their captives to the Arab world in the east and to European slavers in the west....

Along These Lines: Wings of freedom on Fourth of July

The Beaver Times 03 Jul 2020
But it's not just Americans who have always admired the grand bird. The ancient Sumerians, the Romans, and Napoleon all borrowed the awe-inspiring eagle as a symbol of their own greatness .......

BOOK REVIEW: 'Until the End of Time' not easy to read

Decatur Daily 28 Jun 2020
"Until the End of Time. Mind, Matter, and Our Search For Meaning in an Evolving Universe," by Brian Greene, (Alfred A ... From the quite remarkable record of the ancient SumerianEpic of Gilgamesh,” to the God worshipped today by billions of people, religion, in its varied forms, was/is a relevant part of the evolutionary process ... Get Unlimited Access ... ....

Lipstick: an obituary

The Telegraph India 25 Jun 2020
Lipstick, born 3500 BC, ancient Ur, died 2020 AD, worldwide ... A paper from the Harvard University dashboard on lipstick regulation says the history of lipstick began with Queen Schub-ad of ancient Ur, Circa 3,500 BC. This Sumerian Queen used lip colourant made with a base of white lead and crushed red rocks....

Juneteenth is a celebration of freedom long overdue

The Galveston Daily News 19 Jun 2020
Slavery dates back to ancient times. The Sumerian, Greeks, Romans and Egyptians practiced slavery. But, there was a major difference between the structural aspects of ancient slavery and American slavery. In ancient times, slaves were white ... Slavery wasn’t a permanent condition and no Civil War had to be fought to preserve slavery during ancient times....

Hobby Lobby opens

Belgrade News 18 Jun 2020
... stolen and smuggled ancient artifacts purchased by Hobby Lobby ... The tablets came from the ruins of an ancient Sumerian city called Irisagrig, in present-day Iraq, and were smuggled into the United Arab Emirates and Israel before being purchased by Hobby Lobby for $1.6 million....

CITIZEN COLUMNIST: Part VII: How much do we know?

SCNOW Morning News 17 Jun 2020
It’s interesting that Job did not answer with the Sumerian myths he surely knew ... Ancient cultures before and after Job all assumed such to be the case ... The ancient Sumerians (about 25,000 B.C.), Egyptians (about 3000 BC) and the Greeks (about 1600 B.C.) all believed such....

Every question about beer answered

Metro UK 13 Jun 2020
Cheers to beers (Picture. Getty Images). Beer ifs pretty much the lifeblood of our country and many others ... Advertisement ... Beer has been around a long time, and it’s thought to date back to around 10,000 BC in Ancient Mesopotamia ... The Sumerians had various different types of beer recipes, and the Ancient Egyptians were also partial to a cold one. More ... ....

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